Júlia KATONA (art historian)
19th-century Architects, applied artists and designers feverishly sought new forms and a new style to capture their age. While in the second half of the century, historicists considered historical styles as the primary source of inspiration, the designers of the turn of the century were instpired by natural forms. The exhibition shows how Art Nouveau incorporated a wide variety of animal and plant forms into the motifs or architecture and applied arts. The dissemination of these modern motifs, just like in the case of historical ones, was done through templates. Following or sometimes simultaneously with the French, German and English portfolios, templates of Hungarian form experiments surfaced. A rare collectin of turn-of-the-century European and Hungarian templates were preserved in the Schola Graphidis Art Collection, which manages the collections of the Budapest Metropolitan Industrial Drawing School (1886–1945) and its predecessors. The School had a central role in industrial education in the last decades of the 19th century and at the turn of the century, and it possessed a sizable collection of templates, which were used in the artistic training of craftsmen.
For the exhibition, we selected from a collection of over 30,000 Art Nouveau templates, including works from major foreign portfolios (Maurice VERNEUIL, Eugene GRASSET, Max Joseph GRADL), as well as Hungarian Art Nouveau Designs from the turn of the century (by István GRÓH and his students, templates for craftsmen and industrial schools).
Open until: 2018 01 14